Kolb Model of Experiential Learning

David Kolb is an American educational theorist who made significant contributions in the field of experiential learning. He published his learning styles model in 1984, which was later used by him to develop the Experiential Learning Style Inventory. Kolb’s model works on two levels. Level one consists of the four stage cycle of learning, and level two consists of four separate learning styles. As per Kolb, new concepts of learning in children developed when they had new experiences.
Experiential Learning Cycle
Kolb’s experiential learning cycle is based on four basic points. According to him, all learners go through these stages in their learning process.

Montessori Method of Learning

Maria Montessori was an Italian physician and educator. She gave to the world the Montessori Education Method or Montessori Philosophy that is an acclaimed child-based learning method. It is a method of scrutinizing and promoting the innate development in children that has been tested worldwide for over a 100 years now. At present this system is being used in over 20,000 schools worldwide.
This educational practice helps develop creativity, problem-solving, critical thinking, time-management, care for the environment, and benevolence in children. It readies them to contribute to society and to become a complete person. The Montessori practice in classrooms is based on a mixed age group (3-6 yrs. in one class), individual choice of research and work, and uninterrupted concentration.

Dewey Method of Learning

Progressive education that stresses on the need to learn while doing was propagated by American philosopher and educationist John Dewey in 1907. Dewey believed that a hands-on approach was a better way to learn. This theory placed him in the pragmatic school of thought.
Pragmatists propagated that your experiences must mirror your reality. According to Dewey, if students are to learn in a better way, then they must interact with their environment in order to adapt and learn. And teachers too, would benefit with this same ideal. Teachers and students must learn together, and that a classroom works best when a democratic way is followed giving equal chance to all participants to voice their opinion.

Jean Piaget Model of Learning

Swiss biologist, Jean Piaget (1896-1980) initially started his study with molluscs and even went on to publish 20 papers on the subject by the time he turned 21, but later turned to studying the development of a child’s understanding through scrutinizing them and communicating with them as they worked on the exercises he set.

The pivotal components of his theory are:
1. Adaptation: A sense of familiarity with their surroundings through comprehending and acclimatizing.